© Andie Ang 2014-2019

越南金丝猴

(Rhinopithecus avunculus)

 

越南金丝猴属仰鼻猴属 (Rhinopithecus),其中包括黔金丝猴 (R. brelichi),滇金丝猴 (R. bieti),川金丝猴 (R. roxellana),和于2010年初发现的第五种金丝猴,缅甸金丝猴 (R. strykeri) [1]。越南金丝猴被列为濒危。只分布在越南北部,专家估计野外的越南金丝猴仅剩约200只 [2]。也因如此,越南金丝猴被列入全球前25种最濒危的灵长类之一 [3]。

 

 

 

研究至今

五种金丝猴中 (不包括近期发现的缅甸金丝猴),唯独缺乏越南金丝猴的遗传变异数据 [4]。越南金丝猴也是仰鼻猴属里数量最少的: 川金丝猴数量最多,有约15,000只,其次是滇金丝猴,约2,000只,再来是黔金丝猴,约750-800只,然后是缅甸金丝猴,约260-330只 [1]。

 

成年雄,越南

照片属 Le Khac Quyet

参考书目

[1] Geissmann T., Ngwe Lwin, Saw Soe Aung, Thet Naing Aung, Zin Myo Aung, Tony Htin Hla, Grindley M. & Momberg F., 2011. A new species of snub-nosed monkey, genus Rhinopithecus Milne-Edwards, 1872 (Primates, Colobinae), from northern Kachin state, northeastern Myanmar. American Journal of Primatology 73: 96-107

[2] Le Khac Quyet, Dong Thanh Hai & Nadler T., 2009. Tonkin snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus avunculus). In: Mittermeier et al. (eds.), Primates in Peril: The World’s 25 Most Endangered Primates 2008-2010, 58

[3] Mittermeier R.A., Schwitzer C., Rylands A.B., Taylor L.A., Chiozza F., Williamson E.A. & Wallis J. (eds.), 2012. Primates in Peril: The World’s 25 Most Endangered Primates 2012–2014. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (PSG), International Primatological Society (IPS), Conservation International (CI), and Bristol Conservation and Science Foundation, Bristol, UK., p25

[4] Yang M., Yang Y., Cui D., Fickenscher G., Zinner D., Roos C. & Brameier M., 2012. Population genetic structure of Guizhou snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus brelichi) as inferred from mitochondrial control region sequences, and comparison with R. roxellana and R. bieti. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147, 1-10

 

一家越南金丝猴,越南

照片属 Le Khac Quyet

影像 Andie Ang

洪慧芳

灵长类学家